Beta Hydroxybutyrate is an organic compound, also considered a beta hydroxyl acid with the formula CH3CH(OH)CH2CO2H. What that means is that it has a carboxylic (containing amino acids, which are proteins, and acetic acids, which are in vinegar and address the body’s metabolism) functional group. A functional group is just the name for the specific groups of atoms that in turn form molecules. These molecules are responsible for the chemical reactions within the compounds.

Beta Hydroxybutyrate is formed in an apparently random state throughout nature, though in humans it’s synthesized in the liver. It’s formed from the compound acetoacetate, which is the first ketone a body produces through fasting. It’s catalyzed by beta hydroxbutyrate dehydrogenase.

beta-hydroxbutyrate dehydrogenase is an enzyme in the family of oxidoreductases, which is a major component in the forming and digesting of various ketone bodies and the metabolism.

An increase in Beta Hydroxybutyrate has been found to help people suffering a variety of ailments such as: depression, anxiety, epilepsy, and cognitive impairment. In each of these cases increasing the Beta Hydroxybutyrate levels there has been marked changes in the patients. Especially In epilepsy patients with increased levels have shown to have the best level of control over their seizures.

The level of Beta Hydroxybutyrate in a body depends on several factors, and can be increased using any of them. The most effective method is the “Ketogenic diet”.

The Ketogenic diet is similar to the “atkins” or otherwise low-carb diets. But instead of limiting carbs, this diet all but cuts them out. The average ketogenic diet participant consumes less than 10g of carbohydrates a day, and absolutely no sugar. It puts the body into ketogenesis, which when properly regulated, uses ketones to fuel the body. The ketones are formed through the breakdown of fatty acids, usually resulting in weight loss.

This works because in the absence of glucose, the Beta Hydroxybutyrate is able to cross blood cells and enter the brain to convince it to use ketones as a source of energy instead of sugar and carbs. As long as the blood glucose level stays low, it will continue to use ketones as the energy source. This makes it an idea diet for those suffering from diabetes as well as the other mental and physical ailments already listed above. But people with diabetes should stay aware of the risks, one of the complications that can come from an overly ketogenic diet is called “Diabetic ketoacidosis”.

Diabetic Ketoacidiosis is a potentially life threatening complication, while it is most common in people with type 1 diabetes, it’s important to stay aware of what the body is doing and what the symptoms are. (Vomiting, deep gasping, abdominal pain, breathing, weakness, confusion, increased urination, and sometimes sudden loss of consciousness).

Beta Hydroxybutyrate levels in the body can be increased in ways other than just the full-scale ketogenic diet. Fasting and starvation, which is to say strictly controlling caloric intake, exercise, are the best examples of intentional increases.

It is also possible for Beta Hydroxybutyrate levels to increase in the body in ways that are not expected, not intentional, and not safe. Excessive and prolonged alcohol use can break down the liver and cause ketogenesis. The difference being, unintentional and unchecked ketogenesis is unstable, and unsafe.

Most people who are interested in nootropics and cognitive performance are also interested in getting as much location independence and travel as they can. For many people, this translates into going around the world, seeing as many cities as possible, and doing the very best to enjoy everything the world has to offer.

Sometimes it is difficult to justify going to big metropolitan cities, which can be intimidating, cold, and less enjoyable to outsiders. However, there are some cities in the world that are built as metropolitans, but still welcome outsiders and vacationers. Whenever you are planning your holidays, you might want to consider this list.

#1. Dubai, United Arab Emirates – any metropolitan area can be daunting, but when it has the high sky scrapers and size of Dubai, it can seem even more daunting. There are millions of people coming to Dubai from across the world and many of them are recognizing the incredibly fast pace of growth from this small nation. However, for most people, Dubai is one of the simplest places to live. Whenever planning your holidays to Dubai, just consider how easy it might be to travel.

#2. London, England – many people also consider London to be too big a metropolitan area, which is both expensive, dreary, and unappealing. The reality is, the public transportation in this city is better than many other regions of the world and it is such a melting pot of people, everyone can feel at home. Many people within the country aren’t even from England, which means it is a real hub for foreigners and native Londoners as well.

#3. Berlin, Germany – If you would have looked at most of Germany only 70 years ago, you would have said it looked like a destroyed country filled with rubble. After the second world war, Berlin was almost completely obliterated, but that didn’t stop the Germans and their multi-cultural immigrants from rebuilding. The city you can find now is not only large, but also incredibly enjoyable. There is plenty of public transportation that is modern and far exceeds many other cities of the same size.

You may have an idea of where you would like to go, but don’t discount the metropolitan areas. Even if they can feel cold and unwelcoming, many people enjoy them every year and for good reason. They are some of the most exciting cities on earth with plenty of events and a melting pot of ethnicities.

If you are new to the world of nootropics and biohacking, you might have never heard of butter coffee from the Bulletproof Executive. If this is the case, then you will not understand the meaning of this title! The coffee we mentioned is a specific blend that is made to infuse the caffeine from coffee with things like coconut oil and MCT oil. These are specific ingredients that make a real difference in brain function and there are a few reasons why this is.

You’ll find that there are a few more reasons than you can read about through the website of Dave Asprey or others. Instead, you’re going to want to take a look at the different ways that it specifically can help via the process of improved cognition.

  1. Memory – for one thing, adding fat to the coffee in the form of MCT oil makes a big difference for memory formation and general health in a neuroprotective sense. The vast majority of elderly people have some type of dementia and it is causing problems for them most of the time. The best thing that they can do is to eat healthier rather than trying to find a solution that revolves around supplements and other types of drugs.
  2. Energy metabolism – the good thing about the nootropic MCT oil benefits is that it can convert into energy within 3 steps whereas sugar takes 26. That is a huge difference and makes a big impact on the overall health of most people who are taking the different drugs. If you are in a situation where you want to get the best from your coffee, it might be a good idea to add butter.

The vast majority of people who are taking nootropics don’t realize that they could make a few simple changes to their regimen and have a much better experience. This is something that people don’t realize for a long time in life and it makes a really big difference.

When it comes to using nootropics, there are many different opinions about the process. If you are like most people, you might find piracetam as one of the early drugs. There are plenty of others, but this is definitely one of the more popular options that people fall to first. If you are just starting out, it is a good idea for you to consider how many different options you have.

There are many racetams, but there is also a drug called noopept that is considered to be up to 1000 times stronger than the piracetam smart drug. If you are looking for an alternative for something that is much stronger and at a fraction of the cost, sometimes noopept might seem like a good idea. This is where the conundrum is.

Piracetam vs. Noopept (and Other Options)

There are a lot of different feelings that come up with using a new series of drugs and fear is one of them. You might fear not getting the right product, having to strong of a product, or any other number of fears that are perfectly justifiable even if they are somewhat irrational. We are not meant to be rational creatures and so fear keeps us alive.

When it comes to the piracetam drug, it is important to look at how much memory enhancement you will be able to get. The drug often comes with plenty of studies, but is not as strong for the purpose of improving memory formation as is noopept. Sometimes people don’t only use noopept for memory enhancements, but also for the purpose of getting more concentration and focus.

If you are debating whether to use noopept or piracetam, consider the benefits of noopept. This is going to help you to get he best results from your supplementation and also make sure that you do not do something that will help you in the long run.

For the most part, people who are focused on getting the best results for their memory will take a close look at all of these options and find the true advantage.

Brain trauma is often conceptualized as a hard fall, crash, or accident that leads to significant brain damage, loss of memory, and other related problems. Unfortunately for most, brain trauma is not so isolated and rare as these accidents. In fact, most brain trauma victims have their main problem come from substance abuse of some sort. Substances like alcohol and other drugs make a big difference on the brain.

braindamageEven worse, brain trauma from sleep deprivation can be the same as alcohol or concussion induced trauma. The brain doesn’t like certain things and often it doesn’t discriminate between them if it isn’t a fan. Thankfully, there are new products called “nootropics” that help to reverse brain trauma. This article is going to help you to learn which ones are useful particularly for this purpose.

  1. Oxiracetam – Part of the famous “racetam” family, this drug is useful in order to help people who are struggling with brain trauma of some sort. That drug was intentionally made for the purpose and has been recorded and studied for that purpose as well. Keeping this in mind is going to make a big difference for overcoming trauma related to either substance abuse or concussions.
  2. Bacopa Monnieri – If you are just starting out with nootropics and do not want to jump into a synthetic product right away, you’re not alone. There are plenty of new people to smart drugs who prefer to use something natural like bacopa monnieri. This has been a favorite amongst native Indian Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years and it is going to make a big difference for you as well.
  3. Huperzine A – This is a favorite amongst people who are trying to improve lucid dreaming, but it can also help with brain trauma and reversing some of these negative trends. If you are starting out with a new regimen for your brain, it is a good idea to try Huperzine A. It is an extract from a different plant that can have a vast array of benefits as well as solve brain trauma.

Sometimes reversing brain trauma is not always possible, but it is useful to attempt to do your best when you can. These nootropics will help you to do so in a less invasive way than some of the other routines and methods that you might find on the marketplace.

Most people who are trying to improve their cognitive function look for smart drugs and nootropics that are the latest and greatest thing. The funny aspect of this is that most people don’t realize they are missing out on basic nutrients that our ancestors got, but we have not consumed in a high quantity. For instance, you’ll find that you don’t actually get nearly as much choline as you need.640px-Choline

Choline is a dietary precursor for the neurotransmitter called acetylcholine, which is helpful for memory formation and general cognitive abilities. There are 2 reasons everyone should take more choline supplements for this powerful brain food:

  1. We don’t eat organ meats – Our ancestors used to get a lot of choline from foods like liver, kidney, and lungs, but we don’t eat any of that anymore. Humans now primarily focus on eating a lot of muscle meat, which has a great deal of protein, but little else. If you are going to focus on getting the most from your brain, you need more choline and organ meats are probably not in your dietary plan in the quantities that you need.
  2. Studies show it improves cognition – a lot of evidence suggests that choline is one of the most important indicators for memory retention. Numerous studies show that in the hippocampus, the region of the brain that is useful for memory formation, there are many benefits of having additional choline (and therefore acetylcholine).

If you are trying to improve your cognitive abilities or even just prevent your brain from Alzheimer’s disease, it is a good idea to add some choline into your life. You’ll find in no time how effective it is for improving your memory and your mood and ability to concentrate as well.

Chicken is a great source of lean protein and it is used by both weight lifters and normal people to lose fat and keep muscle. It can often be part of a very healthy lifestyle, but sometimes it is also necessary to make sure you are getting other kinds of food as well. Lean meat like chicken tends to also be cheap, which makes it a favorite amongst a large swath of dieting communities. Instead of getting wrapped up in the hype, try to think of these reasons why you might not want to eat so much.

Reasons to Avoid Chicken Daily

  1. ChickenBody becomes allergic – after a while the human body stops to appreciate the nutrients that it is getting from a certain type of food. If you are constantly giving your body chicken, it will like it less and less as time goes on. It is better to mix it up a little bit and even go on a full protein fast at certain times.
  2. It will get old – once you have overdone eating chicken, it is hard to go back. If your body developers a revulsion to it, then you’ll be in trouble scrambling to find other lean meat options that will make it harder to meet your goals and expectations.
  3. You lack fatty meats – although a lot of dietary advice says to avoid the fatty cuts of meat, in reality it is healthy to eat some every now and then. If you are trying to improve your health a steak or bison burger might be in line because it has a different set of amino acids. Sometimes the amino acids in these red meats are better for building muscle and makes a big difference in your health.

For many people, women especially, the skin is the most important organ in the human body! Not only is it the biggest and most by weight, but it is also the most important when it comes to other people’s perceptions and aesthetic appearance. For many people, getting the right diet is less about how much fat they have and more about what their skin looks like.

It is understandable because food can have a real impact on your skin. In many cases, for example, people struggle with dairy even if they don’t get sick. With dairy, it is often common to have breakouts and skin problems. It is important to make sure that you check and see whether dairy might be the cause. Stop drinking milk and eating cheese for two weeks and see whether that clears up some of your skin problems.

Another culprit is gluten and sugar. Both are inflammatory and can cause you to have other types of breakouts. There are a lot of different reasons why you should be careful with these foods, but in general, your skin can benefit from their absence.

One odd food (or drink) that you might want to look in to for your skin is beer! In moderation, beer is a good drink that can help your skin, nails, and hair. The nutrients that come into the product during the fermentation process will make a big difference in the health of these body parts.

Other than that, you need to make sure that you have enough fruits and vegetables so that all your vitamins and minerals are covered. If you are missing certain minerals and vitamins, you are going to notice that you end up with deficiencies that cause a lot of problems for your skin.

If you haven’t already heard, green tea is one of the most healthy drinks that you can have. It is way better than alcohol and other drinks that are actively harming your brain even if they feel good. In this article, you are going to learn how exactly green tea is beneficial for your brain. Most of the time, you’ll realize that green tea is the better choice over just about any sugar filled juice, alcoholic drink, or alternative.

Besides water, there are few things that are as good as green tea for both your brain and body. Here are some reasons:


  • Green tea has L-theanine – this natural amino acid is one of the most important parts of green tea because it helps to promote relaxation and alpha brain waves, which are the most useful for getting high quality work done. If you want to be creative and think of a problem from another angle, this is perfect. It is also a synergistic compound to go with caffeine.
  • Green tea has green tea catechins – If you have never heard of ECGC you are not alone, but it is a chemical compound that is found in green tea. It can help to improve your memory and has a positive effect on many other parts of your brain as well.
  • Caffeine – this is obviously the best chemical that most people use in order to improve their brain function, but usually coffee has a lot. Green tea has just enough caffeine to help stimulate your brain without causing crashes and uncomfortable situations of dependence.

If you keep this in mind when you are ordering your next drink from the coffee shop, you are going to find that you’ll have a much better situation for your brain.

For people who are not aware, obesity and diabetes are running rampant in the United States and the western world. Most people are unhealthy compared to the total population of our ancestors and there are a few reasons for that.

The number one reasons is because we have not been walking and this is a much needed part of our existence. For thousands of years humans have been walking, but lately there is little to no reason to do so.

Getting Up and Getting Active

All of the things that you do in a typical day add up to a few thousand steps, but it is nothing like the 10,000 steps most people used to get on average. If you are driving around in the United States, you are missing out on a lot of walking opportunities, which can help your health in a number of ways.

  • walking is best medicineWalking improves your brain – not only is walking good for your body, but it is good for your brain. There are studies showing that going for a walk can trigger certain parts of the brain into action that will help you to develop certain brain chemicals that make an important difference.
  • Walking is easy on the joints – even hardcore athletes can benefit from walking because it increases bone density and it is better for the joints than some of the heavy power lifting and other styles of activity that people engage in. You’ll find walking to be a much safer thing for you to enjoy.
  • Walking burns more fat – While you might think that a hard workout where you are sweating and really tired burns the most fat, it is actually running. The intense workout uses glucose for energy but a low intense exercise like walking is going to burn more fat.